Experimental evaluation of the buckling phenomena in the new joint design for upper deck structure of a bridge
Università degli Studi di Brescia, Facoltà di Ingegneria,
dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Industriale,
Via Branze 38,
This paper is concerned with the experimental mechanical analysis of a new design of a joint for a main components of a upper deck of a road bridge. These components are subject to the compression state stress induced by the weight and the load acting on the road. Each upper deck of a bridge (positioned on each side of the bridge) is composed by four tubular structures that must be joint each together. The joint must to take in to account many aspects, for example that the length of each component is not the same (because, obviously, there is a mechanical tolerance). This phenomena induce different compression stress on each component and so is very important non only the critical buckling load but also the post buckling behaviour of the structure. It is very important that if a single tubular structure reaches the critical load of instability, it still has load capacity . This is to avoid that, in the case where a column reaches the instability, the entire load acting on a column increase the load on the remaining three. For this purpose many different geometrical solutions have been designed (elaborated by fem analyses and successively tested experimentally). This work reports the main experimental results on the best joint solution and how this increase the load capacity and the displacement respect to the solution without this flange.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010