High-pressure experimental models of geological structures
G.D. Couples1a and H. Lewis1
Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Heriot-Watt University,
Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland
a e-mail : email@example.com
Published online: 10 June 2010
In order to understand deformation processes that operated in large-scale, natural systems, experimental models can provide a crucial means of developing ideas concerning the interactions of sub-systems. We describe an experimental campaign that was designed to provide new insights into a multi-scale deformation type that involves faulting, uplift and rotation of strong crustal blocks, and the folding of the overlying sequence of layered rocks. The experimental models proved, at a small scale, the existence of a process that could only be inferred at natural scale – namely, the significant lateral flow of a ductile unit that transports the overlying rocks in a nearly passive fashion.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010