Characterization of lithium fluoride windows at 450 K for shock wave experiments: Hugoniot curves and refractive index at 532 nm
CEA Valduc, 21120 Is sur Tille, France
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Lithium fluoride (LiF) windows are extensively used in traditional shock wave experiments because of their transparency beyond 100 GPa along  axis. A correct knowledge of the optical and mechanical properties of these windows is essential in order to analyze the experimental data and to determine the equation of state on a large variety of metals. This in mind, the windows supply is systematically characterized in order to determine the density, the thermal expansion and the crystalline orientation. Furthermore, an experimental campaign is conducted in order to characterize the windows properties under shock loading at 300 K and preheated conditions (450 K). This article describes the experiments, details the analysis and presents the results. Particle velocity measurements are carried out at the interface of a multiple windows stack using interferometer diagnostic (VISAR and IDL) at 532 nm wavelength. Shock velocity is calculated as a function of the time of flight through each window. The optical correction is calculated as the ratio of the apparent velocity gap and the particle velocity at the free surface. To go further, the Rankine-Hugoniot relations are applied to calculate the pressure and the density. Then, the results and uncertainties are presented and compared with literature data.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010