Penetration of gas into concrete during a leakage rate test of reactor containments and its significance for the drop in pressure
Laboratory of Building Materials, University of Lund, PO Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
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The objective of the project described in the paper was to develop a simulation model that describes transient air pressure distribution in concrete in order to see if the leakage rates obtained from the Containment Integrated Leakage Rate Tests can be explained by the transient air pressurization of concrete pores inside the steel liner. A partial differential equation was derived which describes transient air pressure distribution in concrete pores. The model was validated against experimental results. The simulation model shows that there are significant air fluxes into the concrete structures that can explain the pressure drop during a leakage test.
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