Galactic substructure traced by RR Lyraes in SDSS Stripe 82
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, Heidelberg 69117, Germany
2 Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
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Using a sample of 407 RR Lyrae stars extracted from SDSS Stripe 82, we study the degree of substructure in the Galactic halo. We identify overdensities associated with the known substructures of the Hercules-Aquila Cloud and the Sagittarius Stream, and find a further previously-unknown substructure, the Pisces Overdensity, at ~100 kpc from the Sun. Together, the three substructures account for ~80% of our RR Lyrae sample. We also study the density distribution of RR Lyraes in the halo and find that the profile is best fit by a broken power law with an inner slope of −2.4 and a break radius of ~25 kpc, consistent with previous studies. We conclude that the halo is predominantly made up of the debris from in-falling satellites, with little or no underlying smooth component.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012