Extensions and some recent applications of the Landau theory of phase transitions
Laboratoire de Physique des Systèmes Complexes, Université de Picardie, 33 rue Saint-Leu, 80000 Amiens, France
Published online: 02 March 2012
The basic concepts of the Landau theory of phase transitions are introduced through working examples. A number of rules governing the application of the theory to second and first-order transitions are given. The approach to magnetostructural transitions in magnetic mulltiferroic materials is detailed. Examples of transitions induced by replica of the same order-parameter in superconducting and liquid crystal systems, are described. The theory of reconstructive transitions is outlined and illustrated by the examples of the graphite-diamond transition and by the phase diagram of iron. An extention of the phenomenological approach to incommensurate structures to the crystal-amorphous transition is proposed (see also the chapter by Perez-Mato et al. for further discussion and applications).
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012