Nicola Cabibbo, Physicist and Science Manager*
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma La Sapienza - P.le A. Moro 1, 00185 Roma, Italy
Universality of the weak interactions is reviewed, with special emphasis on the origin of the Cabibbo theory of strange-particle β-decays and its role in the discovery of the unified Electroweak Theory. Achievements and present challenges of the Standard Theory of particles interactions are briefly illustrated. As a homage to Nicola Cabibbo, his leading role in the Roma school of theoretical physics and in the Italian science in general is reviewed.
This commemoration of the outstanding scientist Nicola Cabibbo was first presented on 25 October 2010, soon after he passed away, at the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome as opening lecture of the Conference on Environmental Radioactivity – New Frontiers and Developments. It was then delivered as a talk at Pennsylvania University, Philadelphia, April 21, 2011, on the occasion of the B. Franklin Prize 2011, attributed to Nicola Cabibbo, “for his key contributions to understanding the symmetries underlying the decays of elementary particles by weak interactions”. In the present form it is also published in La Rivista del Nuovo Cimento. [Note of the Editors.]
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences - SIF 2012