Measurement of viscosity in small volumes of fluids by tuning fork oscillators
Authors’ contact address: Katedra fyziky nízkých teplot, MFF UK, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00, Praha 8
Hana Divišová, firstname.lastname@example.org; Jan Lang, Jan.Lang@mff.cuni.cz; Miloš Rotter, email@example.com; David Schmoranzer, firstname.lastname@example.org.
We report on the construction and performance of a home-built viscometer employing a quartz tuning fork resonator as the sensing element. The resulting device allows measuring the viscosity of ﬂuids in volumes as low as 300 μl, while controlling the temperature between -120 °C and 150 °C. For non-conducting ﬂuids, bare tuning forks can be used, reaching the accuracy of 1% or better in the whole temperature range. For weakly conducting ﬂuids such as aqueous solutions, an insulating coating of paint is applied, resulting in reduced sensitivity and accuracy. The capabilities and limitations of the viscometer are illustrated on the viscosity measurements of n-hexane (between -90 °C and +50 °C) and water (between 10 °C and 90 °C). Improvements regarding performance in conducting liquids and temperature stabilization are discussed.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012