Quantitative flow characteristics for side-by-side square cylinders via PIV
Selcuk University, Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Department of Mechanical Engineering, , 42250, Konya, Turkey
2 Research Assistant, Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Mechanical Engineering Department
In this study, instantaneous and time-averaged flow structures downstream of the sharp-edged single and two and three side-by-side square cylinders (SCs) immersed in a uniform open channel water flow were studied by a technique of particle image velocimetry (PIV). Experimental results of wake flow structures were presented for gap ratios (G/D) in the range of 1.0G/D3.0 for Reynolds number values of 1050, 2450 and 3400. Flow structures depending on the square cylinder (SC) configurations and Reynolds number were discussed. It has been found that the development of the vortex shedding as well as the flow structure were substantially altered for side-by-side SCs comparing to the single SC. Asymmetrical and biased wake structures were observed because of the jetlike flow between the SCs for two SCs cases for the gap ratio less than 2.0. Depending on the gap spacing between the SCs, the interaction results of time2 averaged vorticity, velocity vector field, Reynolds stress correlations <u'v'/U2∞> and streamline patterns in the wake region form a distinguished flow structure. Strouhal numbers for the single square cylinder for 1050≤Re≤3400 are found in the range of 0.12-0.13. The present results have supported the previous works by providing detailed quantitative experimental information with PIV in the wake region of the SC and might be helpful for validation of numerical studies and designers.
Key words: Coupled vortex / instability / PIV / side-by-side square cylinders / Strouhal numbers / vortex shedding / wake flow / turbulence
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012