Deflection of ultra-high energy heavy nuclei in the Galactic magnetic field
1 Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, UK
2 Institutt for fysikk, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway
3 AstroParticle and Cosmology (APC), Paris, France
4 II. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
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In this work, we investigate the impacts a potential shift towards a heavy composition at the end of the cosmic ray (CR) spectrum would have on the future data [1, 2]. We present detailed simulations for the propagation of ultra-high energy (UHE) heavy nuclei, with E ≥ 60 EeV, within recent Galactic magnetic field (GMF) models. We consider both regular and turbulent components of the GMF. We show that with UHE heavy nuclei, there is no one-to-one correspondence between the arrival directions of cosmic rays measured at Earth and the direction of their extragalactic sources. Sources can have several distorted images on the sky. We compute images of galaxy clusters and of the supergalactic plane in recent GMF models and show the challenges, but also the possibilities, of “ultra-high energy cosmic ray astronomy” with heavy nuclei. Finally, we present a quantitative study of the impact of the GMF on the (de-)magnification of source fluxes, due to magnetic lensing. Such effects cannot be neglected in case of heavy primaries.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2013
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