Reconstruction of the muon production depth with ground array data based on the TTC (Time-Track Complementarity) approach
1 INFN Sezione di Napoli, via Cintia 2, 80125 Napoli, Italy
2 INFN Sezione di Napoli and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita' “Federico II”, via Cintia 2, 80125 Napoli, Italy
The muon longitudinal profile along the shower axis depends on the nature of the primary particle and primary hadronic interaction with air nuclei. The measurement of muonic component inside showers generated by Very High Energy Cosmic Rays provides a very powerful tool for sensing high energy interactions between cosmic ray particles and air molecules. Fundamental parameters such as the interaction cross section, inelasticity, hadron production and multiplicity can be measured by comparing the development of shower electromagnetic component with that of muonic component. Since 1992 a method has been developed to combine the muon arrival direction in a ground based array for cosmic ray detection with their arrival delay with respect to the shower core. This combination permits to select high energy muons weakly scattered in the atmosphere and to reconstruct their height of production with good accuracy. In this paper we discuss the possibility to realize a “dual” apparatus able to detect both electromagnetic and muonic component at primary energies greater than 1017eV.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2013
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