Effect of blastfurnace slag addition to Portland cement for cationic exchange resins encapsulation
1 Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, CEA/DEN/MAR/DTCD/SPDE, BP17171, 30207, Bagnols-sur-Cè cedex, France
2 Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, CEA/DEN/ SAC/DPC/SECR, 91192 Gif/Yvette, France
3 ICB, UMR 5209 CNRS Université de Bourgogne, 21078 Dijon, France
4 AREVA NC / BU-Valorisation, 1 place Jean Millier 92084 Paris La Défense, France
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In the nuclear industry, cement-based materials are extensively used to encapsulate spent ion exchange resins (IERs) before their final disposal in a repository. It is well known that the cement has to be carefully selected to prevent any deleterious expansion of the solidified waste form, but the reasons for this possible expansion are not clearly established. This work aims at filling the gap. The swelling pressure of IERs is first investigated as a function of ions exchange and ionic strength. It is shown that pressures of a few tenths of MPa can be produced by decreases in the ionic strength of the bulk solution, or by ion exchanges (2Na+ instead of Ca2+, Na+ instead of K+). Then, the chemical evolution of cationic resins initially in the Na+ form is characterized in CEM I (Portland cement) and CEM III (Portland cement + blastfurnace slag) cements at early age and an explanation is proposed for the better stability of CEM III material.
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