Application of the Trojan Horse Method to study neutron induced reactions: the 17O(n, α)14C reaction
1 INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania, Italy
2 Università degli Studi di Enna “KORE”, Enna, Italy
3 Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Catania, Catania, Italy
4 Department of Physics and Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, IN, USA
5 Nuclear Physics Institute of ASCR, Rez, Czech Republic
6 Cyclotron Institute,Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
7 China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, China
8 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
a e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 20 March 2014
The reaction 17O(n, α)14C was studied using virtual neutrons coming from the quasi-free deuteron break-up in the three body reaction 17O+d → α+14C+p. This technique, called virtual neutron method, extends the Trojan Horse method to neutron-induced reactions allowing to study the reaction cross section avoiding the suppression effects coming from the penetrability of the centrifugal barrier. For incident neutron energies from thermal up to a few hundred keV, direct experiments have shown the population of two out of three expected excited states at energies 8213 keV and 8282 keV and the influence of the sub-threshold level at 8038 keV. In the present experiment the 18O excited state at E* = 8.125 MeV, missing in the direct measurement, is observed. The angular distributions of the populated resonances have been measured for the first time. The results unambiguously indicate the ability of the method to overcome the centrifugal barrier suppression effect and to pick out the contribution of the bare nuclear interaction.
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