The pressure gradient in the human respiratory tract
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Dept. of Themodynamics and Enviromental Engineering, Technická 2896/2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 25 March 2014
Respiratory airways cause resistance to air flow during inhalation and exhalation. The pressure gradient is necessary to transport the air from the mount (or nose) to pulmonary alveoli. The knowledge of pressure gradient (i.e. respiratory airways resistance) is also needed to solve the question of aerosol deposition in the human respiratory tract. The obtained data will be used as boundary conditions for CFD simulations of aerosol transport. Understanding of aerosol transport in the human lungs can help us to determine the health hazard of harmful particles. On the other hand it can be used to set the conditions for transport of medication to the desirable place. This article deals with the description of the mathematical equations defining the pressure gradient and resistance in the bronchial three and describes the geometry used in the calculation.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
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