Production of solar fuels by CO2 plasmolysis
1 Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, PO Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
2 Institute of Interfacial Process Engineering and Plasma Technology, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 10 December 2014
A storage scheme for Renewable Energy (RE) based on the plasmolysis of CO2into CO and O2 has been experimentally investigated, demonstrating high energy efficiency (>50%) combined with high energy density, rapid start-stop and no use of scarce materials. The key parameter controlling energy efficiency has been identified as the reduced electric field. Basic plasma parameters including density and temperature are derived from a simple particle and energy balance model, allowing parameter specification of an upscale 100 kW reactor. With RE powered plasmolysis as the critical element, a CO2 neutral energy system becomes feasible when complemented by effective capture of CO2 at the input and separation of CO from the output gas stream followed by downstream chemical processing into hydrocarbon fuels.
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