Twinning in magnesium under dynamic loading
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
2 Hopkins Extreme Materials Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2015
Twinning is an important mode of deformation in magnesium (Mg) and its alloys at high strain rates. Twinning in this material leads to important effects such as mechanical anisotropy, texture evolution, tension-compression asymmetry, and sometimes non-Schmid effects. Extension twins in Mg can accommodate significant plastic deformation as they grow, and thus twinning affects the overall rate of plastic deformation. We use an experimental approach to study the deformation twinning mechanism under dynamic loading. We perform normal plate impact recovery experiments (with microsecond pulse durations) on pure polycrystalline Mg specimens. Estimates of average TB velocity under the known impact stress are obtained by characterization of twin sizes and aspect ratios developed within the target during the loading pulse. The measured average TB velocities in our experiments are of the order of several m s−1. These velocities are several orders of magnitude higher than those so far measured in Mg under quasi-static loading conditions. Electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD) is then used to characterize the nature of the twins and the microstructural evolution. Detailed crystallographic analysis of the twins enables us to understand twin nucleation and growth of twin variants under dynamic loading.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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