Magnetic catalysis effect in the (2+1)-dimensional Gross–Neveu model with Zeeman interaction
1 Institute for High Energy Physics, 142281, Protvino, Moscow Region, Russia
2 University “Dubna” (Protvino branch), 142281, Protvino, Moscow Region, Russia
Published online: 29 May 2015
Magnetic catalysis of the chiral symmetry breaking and other magnetic properties of the (2+1)-dimensional Gross–Neveu model are studied taking into account the Zeeman interaction of spin-1/2 quasi-particles (electrons) with tilted (with respect to a system plane) external magnetic field . The Zeeman interaction is proportional to magnetic moment μB of electrons. For simplicity, temperature and chemical potential are equal to zero throughout the paper. We compare in the framework of the model the above mentioned phenomena both at μB = 0 and μB ≠ 0. It is shown that at μB ≠ 0 the magnetic catalysis effect is drastically changed in comparison with the μB = 0 case. Namely, at μB ≠ 0 the chiral symmetry, being spontaneously broken by at subcritical coupling constants, is always restored at || → ∞ (even at = 0). Moreover, it is proved in this case that chiral symmetry can be restored simply by tilting to a system plane, and in the region B⊥ → 0 the de Haas – van Alphen oscillations of the magnetization are observed. At supercritical values of coupling constant we have found two chirally non-invariant phases which respond differently on the action of . The first (at rather small values of ||) is a diamagnetic phase, in which there is an enhancement of chiral condensate, whereas the second is a paramagnetic chirally broken phase. Numerical estimates show that phase transitions described in the paper can be achieved at low enough laboratory magnetic fields.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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