Jet flow issuing from an axisymmetric pipe-cavity-orifice nozzle
1 Institute of Thermomechanics, the Czech Academy of Sciences, 182 00 Prague, Czech Republic
2 Czech Technical University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, 166 07 Prague, Czech Republic
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 28 March 2016
An axisymmetric air jet flow is experimentally investigated under passive flow control. The jet issues from a pipe of the inner diameter and length of 10 mm and 150 mm which is equipped with an axisymmetric cavity at the pipe end. The cavity operates as a resonator creating self-sustained acoustic excitations of the jet flow. A mechanism of excitations is rather complex – in comparison with a common Helmholtz resonator. The experiments were performed using flow visualization, microphone measurements and time-mean velocity measurements by the Pitot probe. The power spectral density (PSD) and the sound pressure level (SPL) were evaluated from microphone measurements. The jet Reynolds number ranged Re = 1600–18 000. Distinguishable peaks in PSD indicated a function of the resonator. Because the most effective acoustic response was found at higher Re, a majority of experiments focused on higher Re regime. The results demonstrate effects of the passive control on the jet behavior. Fluid mixing and velocity decay along the axis is intensified. It causes shortening of the jet transition region. On the other hand, an inverse proportionality of the velocity decay (u ~ 1/x) in the fully developed region is not changed. The momentum and kinetic energy fluxes decrease more intensively in the controlled jets in comparison with common jets.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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