A Wavelength-shifting Optical Module (WOM) for in-ice neutrino detectors
1 Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 12489 Berlin, Germany
2 DESY, 15738 Zeuthen, Germany
3 Institute of Physics, University of Mainz, Staudinger Weg 7, 55099 Mainz, Germany
4 Dept. of Physics and Wisconsin IceCube Particle Astrophysics Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
5 Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn, Germany
a e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 11 April 2016
We report on the development status of a single-photon sensor that employs wavelength-shifting and light-guiding techniques to maximize the collection area while minimizing the dark noise rate. The sensor is tailored towards application in ice-Cherenkov neutrino detectors embedded in inert and cold, low-radioactivity and UV transparent ice as a detection medium, such as IceCube-Gen2 or MICA. The goal is to decrease the energy threshold as well as to increase the energy resolution and the vetoing capability of the neutrino telescope, when compared to a setup with optical sensors similar to those used in IceCube. The proposed sensor captures photons with wavelengths between 250 nm and 400 nm. These photons are re-emitted with wavelengths above 400 nm by a wavelength shifting coating applied to a 90 mm diameter polymer tube. The tube guides the light towards a small-diameter PMT via total internal reflection. By scaling the results from smaller laboratory prototypes, the total efficiency of the proposed detector for a Cherenkov spectrum is estimated to exceed that of a standard IceCube optical module. The status of the prototype development and the performance of its main components will be discussed.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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