Saharan and Arabian Dust Aerosols: A Comparative Case Study of Lidar Ratio
1 Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Atmospheric Research and Instrumentation Branch, Torrejón de Ardoz, 28850 - Madrid, Spain
2 Department of Natural Sciences, College of Health Sciences, the Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwait
3 Instituto Interuniversitario de Investigación del Sistema Tierra en Andalucía-Centro Andaluz de Medio Ambiente (IISTA-CEAMA), Universidad de Granada (UGR), Granada, Spain
4 Agencia Estatal de Meteorología (AEMET), Izaña Atmospheric Research Centre, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
5 Department of Environmental Sciences, College of Health Sciences, the Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwait
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Published online: 7 June 2016
This work presents a first comparative study of the Lidar Ratio (LR) values obtained for dust particles in two singular dust-influenced regions: the Canary Islands (Spain, close to the African coast in the North Atlantic Ocean), frequently affected by Saharan dust intrusions, and the Kuwait area (Arabian Peninsula) as usually influenced by Arabian dust storms. Synergetic lidar and sun-photometry measurements are carried out in two stations located in these particular regions for that purpose. Several dusty cases were observed during 2014 in both stations and, just for illustration, two specific dusty case studies have been selected and analyzed to be shown in this work. In general, mean LR values of 54 sr and 40 sr were obtained in these studies cases for Saharan and Arabian dust particles, respectively. Indeed, these results are in agreement with other studies performed for dust particles arriving from similar desert areas. In particular, the disparity found in Saharan and Arabian dust LR values can be based on the singular composition of the suspended dust aerosols over each station. These results can be useful for CALIPSO extinction retrievals, where a single LR value (40 sr) is assumed for pure dust particles independently on the dust source region.
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