Studies of discrete symmetries in a purely leptonic system using the Jagiellonian Positron Emission Tomograph
1 Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
2 INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, 00044 Frascati, Italy
3 Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
4 Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
5 Świerk Computing Centre, National Centre for Nuclear Research, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
6 High Energy Department, National Centre for Nuclear Research, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
* e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 29 November 2016
Discrete symmetries such as parity (P), charge-conjugation (C) and time reversal (T) are of fundamental importance in physics and cosmology. Breaking of charge conjugation symmetry (C) and its combination with parity (CP) constitute necessary conditions for the existence of the asymmetry between matter and antimatter in the observed Universe. The presently known sources of discrete symmetries violations can account for only a tiny fraction of the excess of matter over antimatter. So far CP and T symmetries violations were observed only for systems involving quarks and they were never reported for the purely leptonic objects. In this article we describe briefly an experimental proposal for the test of discrete symmetries in the decays of positronium atom which is made exclusively of leptons. The experiments are conducted by means of the Jagiellonian Positron Emission Tomograph (J-PET) which is constructed from strips of plastic scintillators enabling registration of photons from the positronium annihilation. J-PET tomograph together with the positronium target system enable to measure expectation values for the discrete symmetries odd operators constructed from (i) spin vector of the ortho-positronium atom, (ii) momentum vectors of photons originating from the decay of positronium, and (iii) linear polarization direction of annihilation photons. Linearly polarized positronium will be produced in the highly porous aerogel or polymer targets, exploiting longitudinally polarized positrons emitted by the sodium 22Na isotope. Information about the polarization vector of orthopositronium will be available on the event by event basis and will be reconstructed from the known position of the positron source and the reconstructed position of the orthopositronium annihilation. In 2016 the first tests and calibration runs are planned, and the data collection with high statistics will commence in the year 2017.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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