European Energy Conference

The European Forum for Energy Research

3rd European Energy Conference

Budapest, Hungary, October 27–30, 2013


The European Energy Conference (E2C) series has been launched in 2010 in Barcelona, Spain, and the 2nd E2C was held in Maastricht, the Netherlands.

The 3rd conference has been organised by the Hungarian Chemical Society (HCS) in cooperation with the Eötvös Roland Physical Society (HPS), as well as the European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences (EuCheMS), the European Physical Society (EPS) and the European Materials Research Society (E-MRS) on 27 - 30 October 2013, in Budapest, Hungary.

The topics of the 3rd European Energy Conference covered chemistry, physics and material sciences related to energy technologies. The main sessions were Fundamental Science, Emerging Resources and Technologies, Energy Production, Distribution and Storage, Economical and Social aspects and European Research Council session.

The European Energy Conference series is a unique undertaking to provide an integrated look at the European energy system and the scientific and technical engagement required to implement the necessary innovations.

Population explosion, waste of the anyway limited resources, environment degradation and the piling up waste mountains represent a permanent threat for all of us. Some processes, like decreasing biodiversity, nitrogen contamination or climatic changes have seemingly already overtaken the critical threshold. One of the main reason behind these processes is the overuse of fossil energy resources. This is on one hand alarming, on the other hand a warning signal to concentrate more on renewable energy resources.

That is why the significance of conferences, like the present one cannot be overestimated, since research has to be and is the first step in the direction of appropriate solutions.

In this Proceedings we present some of the excellent converstions of the conference with the hope that they may give useful information to both the conference participants and also for those, who did not have the privilege to listen to these presentations on the spot.

Prof. Dr Livia Sarkadi, President ot HCS

Prof. Dr Norbert Kroó, President of HPS


The European Physical Society, the European Materials Research Society and the European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences share the conviction that energy research and development will be substantially more efficient, with faster progress and increased comprehension through interaction of their specialist disciplines: material sciences, physics, chemistry, engineering and environmental sciences.

European Physical Society (EPS)

The European Physical Society (EPS) is a not-for-profit organisation. It represents over 100 000 members and physicists through its 42 National member societies. In particular, it provides a forum for more than 3500 Individual Members from all over Europe. The EPS works to promote the interests of physics in Europe. Its activities revolve around the themes of promoting excellent physics research, supplying a European view on important questions relating to physics and acting as a liaison between physicists working in different fields and as a catalyst bringing together physicists of different countries.

European Materials Research Society (E‐MRS)

The European Materials Research Society (E‐MRS), which was founded in 1983, has a multi-national membership of over 5,000 scientists, technologists and engineers specialising in the research, development and applications of advanced materials. The society takes action to disseminate the most recent world wide findings of materials science researchers and the opportunities for economic exploitation to benefit the European economy.

European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences (EuCheMS)

The European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences (EuCheMS) brings together chemistry related organisations throughout Europe to provide a single voice on key science and policy issues, based on expert scientific knowledge.

EuCheMS is a not-for-profit organisation and has 41 member societies which together represent more than 150,000 chemists in academia, industry, government and professional organisations in 31 countries across Europe. EuCheMS has several Divisions and Working Groups which cover all areas of chemistry and bring together world class expertise in the underpinning science and development needed for innovation.


Hungarian Chemical Society

Hungarian Chemical Society

The Hungarian Chemical Society (HCS) is one of the oldest professional organizations in Hungary which was founded in 1907.

The Society’s primary objectives include the establishment of a professional public forum for the country’s chemists and provision of the national chemical sciences, education, and industries with indirect support.

The Hungarian Chemical Society represents about two thousand and five hundred chemists in academia and industry. The Society has 10 Regional bodies and 8Workplace groups and supports 24 Divisions and 13 Working Parties, covering the main fields of chemistry.

HCS sponsors or promotes a number of international activities such as joint conferences with chemical societies. HCS edits and supports various national and international journals. HCS has established Prizes and Awards to recognise achievements by individuals in advancing the chemical sciences and to acknowledge outstanding services for the Society.

HCS organises high quality European scientific conferences, sponsoring cutting-edge research meetings in the chemical and molecular sciences, and organises interdisciplinary meetings with other professional societies.

Throughout the whole of the organization period, the HCS is prepared to handle the registrations, the public relations and consultations. We undertake to advertise the event in professional journals, media relations and public awareness.

Our up-to-date computer system and software were created by professionals in the fields of computer technology and event organization. Our online registration system is a complex web-based, database-driven conference registration system that is able to handle personal data, collect abstracts and proceedings and facilitate the reviewing. It allows the choice of the accommodation and participation in social programs, and the transactions of on-line payment. Our staff will set up a registration office (computers, phones, on-line credit card handling, etc.) at the congress venue. There are possibilities to hold workshops and roundtable discussions. We can also undertake to organize exhibitions.

Roland Eötvös Physical Society

Roland Eötvös Physical Society

The Roland Eötvös Physical Society (ELFT: Eötvös Loránd Fizikai Társulat in Hungarian) with a tradition of already 122 years is one of the oldest scientific societies in Hungary. Its predecessor in title was founded in 1891 by the famous Hungarian physicist Baron Roland von Eötvös. The Society as a non-profit organization with some one thousand members undertakes the task of research, education and talent management in physics in Hungary. The ELFT brings together researchers at institutes of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences or in the industry, professors and students at universities and teachers in primary and secondary schools.

The ELFT organizes conferences and professional meetings as well as student competitions. The ELFT is responsible for the preparation of students for the International Physics Olympiads. The ELFT publishes two journals with great tradition: Fizikai Szemle (founded in 1891) and Mathematical and Physical Journal for Secondary Schools (founded in 1894).

We inform about the public life in physics and represent Hungarian physicists and physics teachers in Hungary and abroad.


Conference Chair: Livia Sarkadi (HCS)
Co-chair: Norbert Kroó (HPS)

The Steering Committee

Luisa Cifarelli (EPS)
David Lee (EPS)
Nineta Majcen (EuCheMS)
Juan Ramón Morante (E-MRS)
Ulrich Schubert (EuCheMS)
Abdou Slaoui (E-MRS)

Scientific Programme Committee

Jacques Amouroux (E-MRS)
Nicola Armaroli (EuCheMS)
Harald Bolt (former E2C chair)
Claude Degueldre (E-MRS)
Zsolt Fülöp (EPS)
Martin Jansen (EuCheMS)
Jenő Kürti (HPS)
Augustin McEvoy (former E2C chair)
Jozef Ongena (EPS Energy group)

Local Organising Committee

Livia Sarkadi (HCS)
Norbert Kroó (HPS)
Zsolt Fülöp (HPS)
Árpád Vincze (HCS)
Beáta Androsits (HCS)
Monika Bondar (HCS)
Beatrix Schenker (HCS)

Proceedings editors

Prof. Livia Sarkadi (EuCheMS, HCS, Budapest, Hungary)

Prof. Norbert Kroó - Fundamental Science (HPS, Budapest, Hungary)

Prof. Nicola Armaroli - Emerging resources and technologies (EuCheMS, Bologna, Italy)

Prof. Jozef Ongena - Energy production, distribution and storage (EPS Energy group, Brussels, Belgium)

Prof. Augustin McEvoy - Economical and social aspects (former E2C chair, Epalinges, Switzerland)

Dr. Zsolt Fülöp (EPS, HPS, Debrecen, Hungary)