The radius anomaly in the planet/brown dwarf overlapping mass regime
École Normale Supérieure de Lyon,
46 allée d’Italie,
Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, Université
Lyon 1, CNRS, 69622
2 School of Physics, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4PE, UK
The recent detection of the transit of very massive substellar companions (Deleuil et al. 2008; Bouchy et al. 2010; Anderson et al. 2010; Bakos et al. 2010) provides a strong constraint to planet and brown dwarf formation and migration mechanisms. Whether these objects are brown dwarfs originating from the gravitational collapse of a dense molecular cloud that, at the same time, gave birth to the more massive stellar companion, or whether they are planets that formed through core accretion of solids in the protoplanetary disk can not always be determined unambiguously and the mechanisms responsible for their short orbital distances are not yet fully understood. In this contribution, we examine the possibility to constrain the nature of a massive substellar object from the various observables provided by the combination of Radial Velocity and Photometry measurements (e.g. Mp , Rp , M⋆, Age, a, e...).
In a second part, developments in the modeling of tidal evolution at high eccentricity and inclination - as measured for HD 80 606 with e = 0.9337 (Naef et al. 2001) , XO-3 with a stellar obliquity ε⋆ > 37.3 ± 3.7 deg (Hébrard et al. 2008; Winn et al. 2009) and several other exoplanets - are discussed along with their implication in the understanding of the radius anomaly problem of extrasolar giant planets.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011