EPJ Web of Conferences
Volume 8, 2010EFNUDAT – Measurements and Models of Nuclear Reactions
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||28 October 2010|
Correlation measurements of fission-fragment properties
1 EC Joint Research Centre IRMM, Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel, Belgium
2 Department of Nuclear Research, IKI, 1525 Budapest, P.O. Box 77, Hungary
3 School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, 701 82 Örebro, Sweden
4 CIEMAT, 28040 Madrid, Spain
5 Institute for Nuclear Physics, Technical University, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
a e-mail: email@example.com
For the development of future nuclear fission applications and for a responsible handling of nuclear waste the a-priori assessment of the fission-fragments’ heat production and toxicity is a fundamental necessity. The success of an indispensable modelling of the fission process strongly depends on a good understanding of the particular mechanism of scission, the mass fragmentation and partition of excitation energy. Experimental observables are fission-fragment properties like mass- and energy-distributions, and the prompt neutron as well as γ-ray multiplicities and emission spectra. The latter quantities should preferably be known as a function of fragment mass and excitation energy. Those data are highly demanded as published by the OECD-NEA in its high priority data request list. With the construction of the double (v, E) spectrometer VERDI we aim at measuring pre- and post-neutron masses directly and simultaneously to avoid prompt neutron corrections. From the simultaneous measurement of pre- and post-neutron fission-fragment data the prompt neutron multiplicity may then be inferred fully correlated with fragment mass yield and total kinetic energy. Using an ultra-fast fission event trigger spectral prompt fission γ-ray measurements may be performed. For that purpose recently developed lanthanum-halide detectors, with excellent timing characteristics, were coupled to the VERDI spectrometer allowing for a very good discrimination of fission γ-rays and prompt neutrons due to their different time-of-flight.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010
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