EPJ Web of Conferences
Volume 11, 2011Detection and Dynamics of Transiting Exoplanets
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Session 2: Spectroscopy observations of exoplanets|
|Published online||16 February 2011|
Disentangling stellar activity and planetary signals
Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR7095 CNRS, 98bis bd. Arago, 75014 Paris, France
2 Centro de Astrofísica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
3 Observatoire de Haute Provence, 04870 St Michel l’Observatoire, France
4 Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Grenoble, Observatoire de Grenoble, Université Joseph Fourier, CNRS, UMR 5571, 38041, Grenoble Cedex 09, France
5 Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
6 LATT-UMR 5572, CNRS & Université P. Sabatier, 14 Av. E. Belin, F-31400 Toulouse, France
Photospheric stellar activity (i.e. dark spots or bright plages) might be an important source of noise and confusion in the radial-velocity (RV) measurements. Radial-velocimetry planet search surveys as well as follow-up of photometric transit surveys require a deep understanding and precise characterization of the eﬀects of stellar activity, in order to disentangle it from planetary signals.
We simulate dark spots on a rotating stellar photosphere. The variations of the RV are characterized and analyzed according to the stellar inclination, the latitude and the number of spots. The Lomb-Scargle periodograms of the RV variations induced by activity present power at the rotational period Prot of the star and its two-ﬁrst harmonics Prot/2 and Prot/3. Three adjusted sinusoids ﬁxed at the fundamental period and its two-ﬁrst harmonics allow to remove about 90% of the RV jitter amplitude. We apply and validate our approach on four known active planet-host stars: HD 189733, GJ 674, CoRoT-7 and ι Hor.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011
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