EPJ Web of Conferences
Volume 29, 2012EMM-FM2011 – First Euro Mediterranean Meeting on Functionalized Materials
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||18 June 2012|
Optical and electronic proprieties of thin films based on (Z)-5-(4-chlorobenzylidene)-3-(2-ethoxyphenyl)-2 thioxothiazolidin-4-one, (CBBTZ) and possible application as exciton-blocking layer in heterojunction organic solar cells
1 Université de Oran Es-Sénia, LPCM 2 E, Oran, Algérie
2 Université de Oran Essenia, LSOA, Oran, Alégrie
3 LAMP, Université de Nantes, Nantes-Atlantique, Faculté des Sciences et des Techniques, 2 rue de la Houssinière, BP 92208, 44000 Nantes, France
4 Université de Lomé, Laboratoire, Togo
5 IMN-CNRS, Université de Nantes, Nantes-Atlantique, 2 rue de la Houssinière, BP 92208, 44000 Nantes, France
a e-mail: email@example.com
In this work, organic thin film solar cells with structures based on CuPc/C60 bulk heterojunctions, have been fabricated and characterized. The effect of introducing an exciton blocking layer (EBL) between the active layer and the metal layer in the solar cell was investigated. For that (Z)-5-(4-chlorobenzylidene)-3-(2-ethoxyphenyl)-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one, that we called (CBBTZ) has been synthesized, characterized and probed as EBL. It was shown that optimized structures containing EBLs resulted in an improvement in solar cell conversion efficiencies. The energy levels corresponding to the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of the CBBTZ have been determined from the first oxidation and reduction potential respectively, using cyclic voltametric (CV) measurements. From CV curves, CBBTZ in dichloromethane showed a one electron reversible reduction and oxidation waves. The values of its HOMO and LUMO have been estimated to be 6.42 eV and 3.42 eV respectively. Such values show that CBBTZ could be probed as EBL in organic solar cells based on the ED/EA couple copper phthalocyanine(CuPc)/fullerene (C60). The photovoltaic solar cells have been obtained by sequential deposition under vacuum of the different films where their thicknesses were measured in situ by a quartz monitor. When obtained, the averaged efficiency of the cells using the CBBTZ is higher than that achieved without EBL layer.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012
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