EPJ Web of Conferences
Volume 117, 201612th International Conference on Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions 2015
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||IX. Nuclear Astrophysics|
|Published online||11 May 2016|
LUNA: Present status and future prospects
University and INFN of Padua, Padua, Italy
Published online: 11 May 2016
One of the main ingredients of nuclear astrophysics is the knowledge of the thermonuclear reactions responsible for powering the stellar engine and for the synthesis of the chemical elements. At astrophysical energies the cross section of nuclear processes is extremely reduced by the effect of the Coulomb barrier and often extrapolations are needed. The Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics (LUNA) is placed under the Gran Sasso mountain. Thanks to the environmental background reduction provided by its position many reactions involved in hydrogen burning has been measured directly at astrophysical energies. Based on this progress, currently there are efforts in several countries to construct new underground accelerators. The exciting science that can be probed with these new facilities will be highlighted.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences - SIF, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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