EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 140, 2017Powders and Grains 2017 – 8th International Conference on Micromechanics on Granular Media
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||30 June 2017|
What is fluidity? Designing an experimental system to probe stress and velocity fluctuations in flowing suspensions
Physical Chemistry and Soft Matter, Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 30 June 2017
We develop a method to investigate the microscopic origin of granular fluidity. We design a Couette cell in which we can probe the flow of soft hydrogel suspensions. As we drive the suspension with a rheometer, we have access to global flow characteristics. In addition, the Couette cell has been modified to have a transparent bottom and lid, allowing for imaging of suspension characteristics in transmission, for example flow fields. We can also use transmission imaging to probe local stresses in the suspension: we use hydrogel particles composed of gelatin, which through its photoelastic properties gives access to local stress fluctuations. We thus have access to all local microscopic variables that are relevant in the understanding of granular suspensions. We show here that our setup can indeed visualize stress fields inside the suspensions and perform flow field measurements in transmission mode. We compare the profiles of the gelatin suspension to that of a polyacrylamide hydrogel suspension, to assess robustness of observed phenomenology. We find that the flow profiles for both types of hydrogels are different; gelatin suspensions feature narrower and less rate-dependent flow profiles. We speculate on the origin of the observed difference by considering the frictional properties of the suspended particles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.