EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 140, 2017Powders and Grains 2017 – 8th International Conference on Micromechanics on Granular Media
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Particle shape effects|
|Published online||30 June 2017|
Elongated grains in a hopper
1 Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary
2 Institute of Experimental Physics, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Universitätsplatz 2, D-39106 Magdeburg, Germany
3 Future University, End of 90th St., Fifth Settlement, New Cairo, Egypt
Published online: 30 June 2017
Flow and clogging of granular materials in a 3-dimensional hopper is investigated experimentally. We use X-ray tomography and optical methods to study this phenomenon for spherical and elongated particles. The X-ray tomograms provide information on the bulk of the hopper filling, and allow to determine the particle positions and orientations inside the silo, as well as spatial variations of the local packing density. We find that particles show a preferred orientation and thereby an enhanced order in the flowing zone of the silo. Similarly to simple shear flows, the average orientation of the particles is not parallel to the streamlines but encloses a certain angle with them. The clogged state is characterized by a dome, i. e. the geometry of the layer of grains blocking the outflow. The number of grains forming this blocking layer is larger for elongated grains compared to the case of spheres of the same volume.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.