EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 153, 2017ICRS-13 & RPSD-2016, 13th International Conference on Radiation Shielding & 19th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division of the American Nuclear Society - 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||4. Medical Facilities, Radiotherapy & Medical Applications, Space Dosimetry & Shielding|
|Published online||25 September 2017|
Double differential neutron yields from thick targets used in space applications
1 Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, 1004 Estabrook Rd, Knoxville, TN, USA, 37996
2 NASA Space Radiation Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA, 11973
3 NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, USA, 23681
4 Lockheed Martin, Information Systems and Global Solutions, Houston, TX, USA, 77285
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 25 September 2017
In March 2016, secondary neutron production from thick-target shielding experiments were conducted at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Space Radiation Laboratory at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Ion beams of proton, helium, and iron projectiles were aimed at aluminum targets with areal densities of 20, 40, and 60 g/cm2. The ion beams were extracted at energies of 400 and 800 AMeV and neutron yields were measured with liquid scintillators at 10°, 30°, 45°, 60°, 80°, and 135° off the beam axis. A second 60 g/cm2 aluminum target was placed 3.5 m downstream from the middle of front target to study backscattered neutrons. Double differential thick-target neutron yields for various combinations of projectile, projectile energy, target material, target thickness, and detector location were produced using the time-of-flight technique. These measurements will help NASA perform uncertainty analyses on their transport codes and contribute to shielding design studies for future space applications.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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