EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 183, 2018DYMAT 2018 - 12th International Conference on the Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||07 September 2018|
Energy Absorption Due to Oblique Impact Crushing of Thin-Walled Tubes
Division of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University,
1-1, Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai,
* e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2018
From the viewpoint of improving both the crash safety and the fuel efficiency, various shaped thin-walled tubes have been utilized as energy absorbers of automobiles such as front side members, crash boxes and so forth. In the axial crushing test of the regular polygonal tube, if the number of angles was small enough, it showed a certain inherent wrinkle mode, and the mean buckling load increased with that number, while it showed the mode of cylindrical tube if that number became larger. In the oblique crushing test, the same tendency was also shown within the range that the transition from axial collapse to bending collapse did not occur. This transition considerably decreases the mean buckling load so that it is important to know the threshold crush angle for the transition. Then, the crushing behavior of regular 4-12 angled tubes were investigated with changing the crush angle mainly by the experiment. The threshold angle is sensitively influenced by the initial imperfection and the boundary condition so that both the threshold angles obtained by the experiment and by the calculation for the square tube are 8-13° smaller than that predicted by the equation proposed by Han and Park. For the carbon steel S25C, the increase of the strain rate in the axial collapse mode raises the mean buckling load, while it shows little strain rate dependence once the transition occurs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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