EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 208, 2019ISVHECRI 2018 - XX International Symposium on Very High Energy Cosmic Ray Interactions
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Cosmic Ray Experiments (γ-rays)|
|Published online||10 May 2019|
GRAINE project: precise gamma-ray observations with balloon-borne emulsion telescope
2 Aichi University of Education
4 Okayama University of Science
5 Kobe University
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 10 May 2019
Observation of cosmic gamma rays is important in the understanding of high-energy objects or phenomena in the universe. Since 2008, the Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi-LAT) has surveyed the sub-GeV/GeV gamma-ray sky and achieved high statistics measurements. However, observation at low galactic latitudes remains difficult owing to the lack of angular resolution, and new issues following the operation of Fermi-LAT have arisen. We devised a precise gamma-ray observation project, Gamma-Ray Astro-Imager with Nuclear Emulsion (GRAINE), using balloon-borne emulsion gammaray telescopes to realize high angular resolution, polarization-sensitive, and large-aperture observations in the 10 MeV–100 GeV energy region. Following basic developments on the ground, we performed three balloon-borne experiments with upgraded instruments. In this paper, we present results from the second balloon experiment in 2015, a report on the latest balloon experiment conducted on April 26, 2018, and a recent study on hadronic interactions using proton beams.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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