EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 213, 2019EFM18 – Experimental Fluid Mechanics 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||28 June 2019|
Conditions at interfaces of layered flow with intense bed load transport
Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering, 166 29 Prague 6, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 28 June 2019
Intense bed load transport in open channel flow is typically associated with a layered structure of the flow, in which individual layers exhibit different mechanisms of support and friction of transported sediment grains. In the lowermost layer adjacent to the channel bed, the grains slide over each other and maintain virtually permanent contact. In the uppermost layer below the water surface, typically no grains are transported. In the central layer, the grains collide with each other producing typical distributions of granular concentration and velocity across the collisional layer. Mathematical models describing the layered flow with intense bed load (as models based on kinetic theory of granular flows) consider flow conditions at interfaces of the individual layers in their flow predictions. Usually, experimental verification of interfacial predictions is lacking. We exploit results of our new experiments with plastic cylindrical sediment to identify a variation of the conditions at the interfaces (local interfacial granular concentrations and velocities) with varying flow discharge, depth and slope in a laboratory tilting flume. The experimental results include local granular concentration using an improved laser stripe method. The experiments are compared with predictions using our kinetic-theory based transport model with the aim to evaluate a match for experimentally-determined and model-predicted interfacial parameters.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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