EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 228, 2020mm Universe @ NIKA2 - Observing the mm Universe with the NIKA2 Camera
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||27 January 2020|
GASTON: Galactic Star Formation with NIKA2 A new population of cold massive sources discovered
School of Physics & Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
2 LLR (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet), CNRS, École Polytechnique, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, Palaiseau, France
3 Centro de Estudios de Física del Cosmos de Aragón (CEFCA), Plaza San Juan, 1, planta 2, E-44001, Teruel, Spain
4 AIM, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
5 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
6 Institutd’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS and Université Paris Sud, Orsay, France
7 Institut Néel, CNRS and Université Grenoble Alpes, France
8 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LPSC-IN2P3, 53, avenue des Martyrs, 38000 Grenoble, France
9 Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5,I-00185 Roma, Italy
10 Institut de RadioAstronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), Grenoble, France
11 Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Torrejón de Ardoz, 28850 Madrid, Spain
12 Instituto de Radioastronomía Milimétrica (IRAM), Granada, Spain
13 Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CNES, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Marseille, France
14 LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMCUniv. Paris 06, 75014 Paris, France
15 School of Earth and Space Exploration and Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287
16 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS (UMR7095), 98 bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
17 Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
18 Univ. Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, 9 Av. du Colonel Roche, BP 44346, 31028, Toulouse, France
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 27 January 2020
Understanding where and when the mass of stars is determined is one of the fundamental, mostly unsolved, questions in astronomy. Here, we present the first results of GASTON, the Galactic Star Formation with NIKA2 large programme on the IRAM 30m telescope, that aims to identify new populations of low-brightness sources to tackle the question of stellar mass determination across all masses. In this paper, we focus on the high-mass star formation part of the project, for which we map a ~ 2 deg2 region of the Galactic plane around l = 24° in both 1.2 mm and 2.0 mm continuum. Half-way through the project, we reach a sensitivity of 3.7 mJy/beam at 1.2mm. Even though larger than our target sensitivity of 2 mJy, the current sensitivity already allows the identification of a new population of cold, compact sources that remained undetected in any (sub-)mm Galactic plane survey so far. In fact, about 25% of the ~ 1600 compact sources identified in the 1.2mm GASTON image are new detections. We present a preliminary analysis of the physical properties of the GASTON sources as a function of their evolutionary stage, arguing for a potential evolution of the mass distribution of these sources with time.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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