EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 245, 202024th International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP 2019)
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Section||6 - Physics Analysis|
|Published online||16 November 2020|
Optimising HEP parameter fits via Monte Carlo weight derivative regression
CERN, Information Technology Department, CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 16 November 2020
HEP event selection is traditionally considered a binary classification problem, involving the dichotomous categories of signal and background. In distribution fits for particle masses or couplings, however, signal events are not all equivalent, as the signal differential cross section has different sensitivities to the measured parameter in different regions of phase space. In this paper, I describe a mathematical framework for the evaluation and optimization of HEP parameter fits, where this sensitivity is defined on an event-by-event basis, and for MC events it is modeled in terms of their MC weight derivatives with respect to the measured parameter. Minimising the statistical error on a measurement implies the need to resolve (i.e. separate) events with different sensitivities, which ultimately represents a non-dichotomous classification problem. Since MC weight derivatives are not available for real data, the practical strategy I suggest consists in training a regressor of weight derivatives against MC events, and then using it as an optimal partitioning variable for 1-dimensional fits of data events. This CHEP2019 paper is an extension of the study presented at CHEP2018: in particular, event-by-event sensitivities allow the exact computation of the “FIP” ratio between the Fisher information obtained from an analysis and the maximum information that could possibly be obtained with an ideal detector. Using this expression, I discuss the relationship between FIP and two metrics commonly used in Meteorology (Brier score and MSE), and the importance of “sharpness” both in HEP and in that domain. I finally point out that HEP distribution fits should be optimized and evaluated using probabilistic metrics (like FIP or MSE), whereas ranking metrics (like AUC) or threshold metrics (like accuracy) are of limited relevance for these specific problems.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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