EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Verification & Validation|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
ENDF/B-VIII.0 CROSS SECTION TESTING FOR COPPER NUCLEAR CRITICALITY SAFETY APPLICATIONS
1 Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta GA USA
2 Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge TN USA
Published online: 22 February 2021
In the update from ENDF/B-VII.1 to ENDF/B-VIII.0, copper cross sections were significantly altered in the intermediate and fast spectrum of the ENDF-VIII.0 library. Performance of this ENDF data requires validation to determine whether recent evaluation has proven beneficial. To examine the performance of the new library, particularly new copper data, critical benchmarks from the ICSBEP handbook were chosen for their sensitivity to copper cross section changes and modeled using SCALE continuous energy Monte Carlo simulations. Selected benchmarks were modeled in ENDF-VII.1 and ENDF-VIII.0 to compute keff within a statistical uncertainty of 10 pcm and compared in reference to the benchmark experimental criticality. Due to spectrum choices in selection based on the changes to cross section data, the set of benchmarks consist of intermediately enriched uranium, highly enriched uranium, or plutonium systems. 11 separate benchmark evaluations containing 32 individual configurations highly sensitive to copper were selected, modelled, and compared to benchmark experimental criticality. This work demonstrates a significant decrease in the deviation between calculated and experimental criticality as a result of the ENDF-VIII.0 library; a decrease in absolute mean deviation from 522.5±39.3 to 249.6±39.3, and a decrease in root mean square deviation from 630.8±46.1 to 338.1±74.9. Additionally, the role of recently evaluated copper data in this improved agreement is presented, confirming the benefit of reaffirming cross section data.
Key words: Copper Cross Sections / Criticality Safety
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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