EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2021PHYSOR2020 – International Conference on Physics of Reactors: Transition to a Scalable Nuclear Future
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Radiation Applications / Nuclear Safeguards|
|Published online||22 February 2021|
ESTIMATION OF THE GENERATION OF 13C AND 14C IN THE REACTOR GRAPHITE USING MCNP6 MODELLING, ISOTOPE RATIO MASS SPECTROMETRY AND 14C MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUE
Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Savanorių pr. 231, LT-02300 Vilnius, Lithuania
Published online: 22 February 2021
Characterization of irradiated graphite in terms of 14C activity is crucial for the optimization of treatment technology: geological disposal, landfill storage, recycling, etc. The main contributor to 14C generation in the RBMK reactor graphite is 14N(n, p)14C reaction. The generation of carbon isotopes 13C and 14C in the virgin RBMK graphite samples irradiated at the LVR-15 research reactor (Research Centre Řež, Ltd.) were investigated in order to obtain the impurity concentration level of 14N. Afterwards the modeling of graphite activation in the RBMK-1500 reactor was performed by computer code MCNP6 using obtained 14N impurity concentrations and new nuclear data libraries. The irradiation parameters – neutron fluence have been checked by method based on coupling of stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry and computer modelling. The activity of 14C in the different constructions of irradiated graphite of the RBMK-1500 reactor has been measured by the β spectrometry technique (LSC) and has been compared with the simulated one. Obtained results have indicated the importance of 14C production from 14N in the RBMK-1500 reactor and in the LVR-15 neutron spectrum. Measured 14C specific activity values in the samples varied from 130-700 kBq/g in the RBMK-1500 irradiated samples and from 3-12.5 Bq/g in the LVR-15 irradiated graphite samples. This corresponds to 15±4 - 80±10 ppm impurity of 14N in various graphite samples of RBMK reactor.
Key words: 14C / nuclear grade graphite / RBMK-1500 reactor / LSC and stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry / MCNP6 modeling
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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