EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 249, 2021Powders & Grains 2021 – 9th International Conference on Micromechanics on Granular Media
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||07 June 2021|
A sphere packing model for shear bands in dense soils
Civil Engineering Department, National University of Saint Agustine. Arequipa, Peru
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 June 2021
The rhombic sphere packing can be used to model the biaxial test on granular soils in a very simple way. According to the angle of assemblage, the packing is dilatant or contractive. Correspondingly, overall stresses are transmitted as chains of forces or oblique forces of contact. The connection of the soil stress-strain behaviour and the packing void ratio is achieved by mapping both of the plots. The mapping shows that dense soils are dilatant and loose soils are contractive, separated by the critical state. It also shows that the bifurcation point and the peak strength are features only of dense soils. The band of strain localization is analysed in the elastic regime, and its inclination is found maximizing the intensity of the mobilized stress ratio. The stresses within the shear band are obtained by assuming a partially coaxial packing rotated to reach the full plastic state. The equilibrium of the overall stress at the line of discontinuity reveals a relationship between the peak friction angle and the coefficient of lateral pressure at rest. As long as these parameters are obtained independently of each other, they allow the validation of the theory.
A video is available at https://doi.org/10.48448/dc68-ak08
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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