EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 249, 2021Powders & Grains 2021 – 9th International Conference on Micromechanics on Granular Media
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||07 June 2021|
Investigation of laser-powder interaction in laser powder bed fusion process in additive manufacturing
ARC Research Hub for Computational Particle Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 7 June 2021
Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is one of the most promising additive manufacturing (AM) technologies to fabricate metal components using laser beams. To understand the underlying thermal and physical phenomena in LPBF process, discrete element method (DEM) is applied to generate the randomly packed powder, then computational fluid dynamics (CFD) coupled with volume of fluid (VOF) is adopted to simulate the laser-powder interaction. The penetration and multiple reflection of laser rays is traced. The physics of melting and solidification is captured. The temperature profile indicates the laser travel path and the adsorption and transmission of laser rays with the powder. The wetting behaviour of the melt pool driven by the capillary forces leads to the formation of pores at the connection zone. It has been demonstrated that the developed model can capture the laser-powder interaction for further understanding of LPBF process.
A video is available at https://doi.org/10.48448/x797-vy17
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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