EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 249, 2021Powders & Grains 2021 – 9th International Conference on Micromechanics on Granular Media
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Particle Simulations and Particle-Based Methods|
|Published online||07 June 2021|
DEM modelling of swelling of grains
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 June 2021
Swelling of grains due to water absorption is ubiquitous in many natural materials and industrial products. Hence, a thorough understanding of grain swelling is of great scientific importance. An experimental investigation can only provide limited information, whereas great insight could be gained from numerical modelling, rigorous numerical models for describing particle swelling are essential. Thus, the objective of this study is to develop and validate a discrete element method (DEM) model for swelling of grains. A first order kinetic model was introduced to describe the swelling of a single grain, and subsequently implemented into the DEM code LIGGGHTS. Model validation was performed by comparing the time evolution of the expansion of a packed bed made of super absorbent polymer (SAP) particles obtained numerically and experimentally. It was demonstrated that the developed model can accurately predict the bed expansion. The validated model was then used to investigate the effect of material properties on the swelling behaviour using rice and SAP as the model materials. It is shown that the swelling depends significantly on material properties, as expected; the expansion of the powder bed made of rice is much lower than that of SAP. The developed model could be further advanced to study consequences of swelling phenomena in granular materials, such as segregation and heat generation.
A video is available at https://doi.org/10.48448/0s3y-v409
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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