EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 253, 2021ANIMMA 2021 – Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Research Reactors and Particle Accelerators|
|Published online||19 November 2021|
Experimental study of ISHTAR thermostatic irradiation device for the MARIA research reactor
National Centre for Nuclear Research, Poland
* Corresponding author: Maciej.email@example.com
Published online: 19 November 2021
Materials and core components for the next generation power reactors technologies require testing that can be performed in existing research reactors. Such experiments employ devices dedicated to reflect the relevant thermal and neutron parameters simulating conditions present in, for example, but not limited to, HTGR reactors. A novel thermostatic irradiation device named ISHTAR (Irradiation System for High-Temperature Reactors) has been designed and constructed in the MARIA research reactor. Its mission is to enable irradiation of samples in controlled, homogeneous temperature field reaching 1000°C and inert gas atmosphere. The high temperature is achieved by a combination of electric and gamma heating, together with carefully designed thermal insulation. Additionally, samples holder made of graphite with high thermal conductivity enables the temperature homogenization in all directions. Device will be placed inside the Beryllium matrix of MARIA core and cooled with forced circulation of water from the reactor pool loop. This paper presents the outcome of experiments conducted with the rig prototype in external hydraulic mock-up of the MARIA reactor irradiation channel. The results have proved that the desired conditions for irradiation of the samples were achieved and their comparison against computational data has shown the adequacy of the design process. Finally, the loss of flow scenario was tested in protected and unprotected conditions (meaning with and without the safety system based on temperature feedback), proving the operational safety of the ISHTAR design. Experimental results will be used in the future to validate the numerical models (two and three dimensional) of the irradiation rig, providing an improved understanding of free convection and radiation phenomena modeling.
Key words: Research reactor / materials testing / Irradiation / High-temperature Reactor / thermostatic device / MARIA / HTGR
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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