EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 253, 2021ANIMMA 2021 – Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Research Reactors and Particle Accelerators|
|Published online||19 November 2021|
Development of a Wideband Current Amplifier dedicated to Fission Chamber Measurement
CEA, DES, IRESNE, DER, SPESI, Instrumentation Sensors and Dosimetry Laboratory, Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance, France
2 CEA, DES, IRESNE, DER, Experimental Physics, Safety experiment and Instrumentation Section, Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance, France
3 Instrumentation Technologies, d.o.o., Velika pot 22 5250 Solkan Slovenija, Slovenia
Published online: 19 November 2021
Fission chambers are widely used in nuclear reactors, either occasionally to probe the neutron flux maps in nuclear power plants or as part of the nuclear instrumentation used in research reactors to characterize neutron flux levels in irradiation locations.
Wide dynamic range acquisition systems are very limited in the nuclear instrumentation market. Thus, since 2012, CEA is developing the MONACO system, which allows measurement in pulse, fluctuation, and current mode running simultaneously on the same channel.
The simultaneous use of three measurement modes places high requirements on the amplification stage. Indeed, the current mode exploits a bandwidth between 0 and a few kHz, while the fluctuation mode is based on the frequency range of 100 kHz 1MHz. Finally, for the pulse mode, it is necessary to identify current pulses of a few uA in amplitude and with a duration of about ten nanoseconds, which implies a bandwidth that extends up to 10 or 20 MHz.
In the frame of the industrialization of the MONACO system, a new preamplifier was designed to meet those requirements. With a first prototype, LDCI and I-TECH performed very promising bench tests in October 2020. Tests with synthetic signals corresponding to pulse and fluctuation mode showed very good performance of the electronics. The positive and negative current pulses are correctly amplified and the measurement noise was estimated at 0.1 µApp thanks to proper electronic shielding. The DC measurement is also satisfactory in the tested range with an accuracy of less than nA and a bandwidth of 1kHz. Preamplifier qualifications are planned within realistic experiments using a fission chamber placed in a neutron field.
Key words: Miniature Fission Chamber / Neutron Flux Measurement / Transimpedance amplifier / Low Current Measurement
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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