EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 253, 2021ANIMMA 2021 – Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation Measurement Methods and their Applications
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Nuclear Power Reactor Monitoring and Control|
|Published online||19 November 2021|
Gas detection in sodium cooled fast reactors: determination of a transfer function
CEA, DES, IRESNE, DER, SPESI, LDCI, Cadarache, F-13108 St-Paul-Lez-Durance, France
2 CEA, DES, IRESNE, DEC, Cadarache, F-13108 St-Paul-Lez-Durance, France
Published online: 19 November 2021
To keep the dependability of Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor, the “clean sodium concept” is demanded, which means that the sodium is free from contamination. The release of fission products is searched for by a contamination measuring system. We need to have a comprehensive description of cladding failures and the detection of contamination, including the failure occurrence on the fuel pin, the transfer process through the sodium and cover gas, the measurement efficiency, etc. We aim to identify the important parameters of physical phenomena, with modelling and simulations based on the return of experiments from past reactors such as PHENIX. There have been a total of 15 open pin failures in PHENIX reactor. Through studying these detected signals, we can get a better physical explanation and description of the evolution of failures. The detection system is related to different stages of the evolution of fuel pin, with different types of fission products, various release mechanism and physical properties. During the evolution of the failed fuel pin, gaseous fission products is released on the first stage of failure and the gas detection system is aimed for the gaseous fission products monitoring. We proposed a quantitative modeling of transfer function to describe the time broadening of the gas release from the fuel pin to the detector. The result matches well with PHENIX experiment data, with the same order of magnitude of the time broadening and the same shape of exponential decreasing. A determination of the transfer function of this gas detection system is validated in this paper.
Key words: Sodium fast reactors / PHENIX reactor / cladding failure detection / transfer function
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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