EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 254, 2021XII International Conference “Solar-Terrestrial Relations and Physics of Earthquake Precursors”
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Atmosphere Physics and Solar-Terrestrial Relations|
|Published online||08 November 2021|
Mid-latitude effects of “expanded” geomagnetic substorms: a case study
Space Research and Technology Institute (SRTI), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Stara Zagora Department, Bulgaria
2 Polar Geophysical Institute, Apatity, Russia
3 National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography (NIGGG), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 8 November 2021
The goal of this work is to examine the effects of the “expanded” or “high-latitude” substorms at mid-latitudes. These substorms are generated at auroral latitudes and propagate up to geomagnetic latitudes above ∼70° GMLat. They are usually observed during reccurent high-speed streams (HSS) from coronal holes. To identify the substorm activity, data from the networks IMAGE, SuperMAG and INTERMAGNET, and data from the all-sky cameras in Lovozero were used. To verify the interplanetary and geomagnetic conditions, data from the CDAWeb OMNI and from the WDC for geomagnetism at Kyoto were taken. We analyzed one substorm event on 20 February 2017 at ∼18:40 UT, it developed during HSS, in non-storm conditions. Some features of mid-latitude positive bays (MPB) at the European and Asian stations, and in particular at the Scandinavian meridian have been studied: the bay sign conversion from negative to positive values, the longitudinal and latitudinal extent of the MPB. The central meridian of the substorm was determined.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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