EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 255, 2021EOS Annual Meeting (EOSAM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Topical Meeting (TOM) 12- Optofluidics|
|Published online||18 November 2021|
Light confinement in liquid crystals for optofluidic integrated microsystems -INVITED
Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, 00184 Rome, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 18 November 2021
In this paper technology to make optical waveguides and microfluidic channels integrated on the same substrate will be reported to envisage novel micro-optofluidic chips. PolyDiMethylSiloxane (PDMS) is used to make microchannels to be filled with biological solutions. Liquid crystals (LC) are used to confine light to produce optical interaction with biological fluidic specimen. Optical waveguides base on PDMS channels filled with LC, named LC:PDMS waveguides, including both straight and bending channels are reported to design photonic devices. Electro-optic effect of LC allows to make tuneable optical waveguides to reconfigure the entire optofluidic microsystem which can include gold nanoparticles for photo-thermal therapies. Coplanar gold electrodes can switch LC molecules with applied voltage of about 2 V. Such electrode configuration can be used to make optical switches and wavelengths demultiplexers. A zero-gap directional coupler based on LC:PDMS waveguides has been designed to switch light from one waveguide to another with an extinction ratio of 16 dB by applying a voltage of just 1.62 V. A multimode interference demultiplexer has been also designed to demultiplex wavelengths at 980 nm and 1550 nm in two output waveguides with an extinction ratio better than 11 dB by applying about 7 V.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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