EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 277, 202321st Joint Workshop on Electron Cyclotron Emission and Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (EC21)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||23 February 2023|
Nonlinear degradation of O-X-B mode conversion in MAST Upgrade
Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
2 Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, UKAEA, Abingdon, OX14 3DB, United Kingdom
* e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 23 February 2023
Spherical tokamaks like the MAST Upgrade device are often operated in an overdense regime. As a consequence, conventional electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) and current drive (ECCD) are typically not possible. MAST Upgrade is planned to investigate a mode coupling scheme known as O-X-B at high power, which may allow gyrotrons to heat and drive current in overdense plasmas by coupling electromagnetic waves to electrostatic electron Bernstein waves (EBWs) at the upper hybrid (UH) layer. However at the gyrotron beam intensities planned for MAST Upgrade, several nonlinear effects may degrade the linear mode coupling into EBWs. Using particle-in-cell simulations, parametric decay instabilities (PDIs) and stochastic electron heating (SEH) are investigated in the region near the UH layer. It is found that nonlinear effect could have a substantial impact on the O-X-B scheme in MAST Upgrade at high gyrotron intensities.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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