Open Access
EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 263, 2022
8th Complexity-Disorder Days 2021
Article Number 01003
Number of page(s) 5
Published online 28 April 2022
  1. In order not to use an awkward literal translation of the names of institutions, the court decisions cited appear with the French name of the court that made them: “Tribunal correctionnel”, “Cour d’appel”, « Cour de Cassation » (Cass. crim.), “Conseil constitutionnel” (Cons. Const.). [Google Scholar]
  2. Cass. Crim., 27 October 2015, n° 14-84952 [Google Scholar]
  3. Extract from the above-mentioned case law of 27 October 2015 [Google Scholar]
  4. ECHR, GIULIANI and GAGGIO V. Italy, 24 March 2011, app n°23458, §56 [Google Scholar]
  5. I.e. the States to which the European Convention on Human Rights applies [Google Scholar]
  6. ECHR [GC] Austin and Others v. the United Kingdom, 15 March 2012, app n° 39692/09, §56 [Google Scholar]
  7. E. Verges, La procédure pénale technicienne (ou l’asphyxie procédurale), France, Revue de Science Criminelle et de Droit Pénal Comparé, Dalloz (2019), p. 667 et seq. [Google Scholar]
  8. On these subjects see: J. Alix, O. Cahn, Mutations de l’antiterrorisme et émergence d’un droit répressif de la sécurité nationale (Changes in counterterrorism and the emergence of a repressive national security law), France, Revue de Science Criminelle et de Droit Pénal Comparé, Dalloz, (2018), p. 8451 [Google Scholar]
  9. On this point, see F. SAFI, La loi bavarde: l’exemple du guet-apens (The chatty law: the example of the ambush), France, Lexis Nexis, Droit Pénal n°2, February (2021) [Google Scholar]
  10. Article 421-2-5-2 repealed, Penal Code, Cons. const. n° 2016-611 QPC, 10 February 2017 and Cons. const. n° 2017-682 QPC,15 December 2017 [Google Scholar]
  11. Cf in particular under the direction of G. Giudicelli-Delage and C. Lazerges, La dangerosité saisie par le droit pénal (About dangerousness in criminal law), Presses Universitaires de France, Paris (2011) [Google Scholar]
  12. On complicity by collusion, see: A. Decocq, Inaction, abstention and complicité par aide ou assistance (Inaction, abstention and complicity by aiding and abetting), France, JCP (1983) I 3124, C. GIRAULT, Le relâchement du lien de concertation entre l’auteur principal et le complice (The loosening of the link between the principal perpetrator and the accomplice), France, D (2008), 1714 [Google Scholar]
  13. Cour d’appel, Chambéry, 8 March 1956, for a Bobsleigh accident. [Google Scholar]
  14. Cass. crim. 31 January 2007, n°05-85.886, Bull. crim. 2007 n°25, D. 2007, Jur. p. 1843 [Google Scholar]
  15. Cass. crim. 13 September 2016, n° 15-85046, Bull. crim. Gaz. Pal. n°4/2017, p. 44 [Google Scholar]
  16. French history and geography teacher who was beheaded outside his school on 16 October 2020 for having mentioned and shown cartoons of Mohammed during a lesson on freedom of expression ten days earlier. After the father of one of the pupils, who was absent during the “offending” lesson, spread false information, social networks relayed a campaign of harassment that ended with the murder by a radicalised Islamist. [Google Scholar]
  17. Cass. Crim. 7 September 2021, n°19-87. 367, J. Lasserre Capdeville, Affaire LAFARGE, précisions sur l’information judiciaire ouverte pour complicité de crime contre l’humanité, (LAFARGE case, details of the judicial investigation opened for complicity in crimes against humanity), France, AJ Pénal, Dalloz, October (2021). [Google Scholar]
  18. ECHR 5 March 2009, Barraco c. France, n° 31684/05 [Google Scholar]
  19. “First, crime is normal because a society free of it is quite impossible”, in E. Durkheim, Les règles de la méthode sociologique (1894), p. 95 of the electronic edition based on the book Les règles de la méthode sociologique, Paris, Les Presses universitaires de France, 16th edition, 1967, p.67, available on the website: [Google Scholar]
  20. Le Monde, 28 March 2012 [Google Scholar]
  21. W. Stoczkowski, La science sociale comme vision du monde. Émile Durkheim et le mirage du salut (Social science as a worldview. Émile Durkheim and the mirage of salvation), Paris, Gallimard, coll. « NRF essais », (2019), 629 p. [Google Scholar]
  22. Reform of the police forensic service, the framework of the draft law on the orientation and programming of the Ministry of the Interior 2022-2027 (LOPMI). [Google Scholar]
  23. C. Jamin, Vous avez dit rigueur ? (Did you say rigour?), La semaine juridique, édition générale, n°18, May (2021, Lexis Nexis) [Google Scholar]

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