EPJ Web of Conferences
Volume 6, 2010ICEM 14 – 14th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Composite Materials, Including Natural Fibers and Matrices|
|Published online||10 June 2010|
Experimental characterisation of damage in SiC/SiC minicomposites
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique Saclay,
2 Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS UMR 7649, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
3 Unité de Recherche Navier, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Université Paris Est, 77455 Marne-la-Vallée Cedex, France
4 Centre des matériaux, Mines ParisTech, CNRS UMR 7633, BP 87, 91003 Evry Cedex, France
5 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38043 Grenoble Cedex, France
6 CREATIS-LRMN, Université CB Lyon 1, INSA Lyon, CNRS UMR 5220, INSERM U630, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
7 MATEIS, Université de Lyon, INSA Lyon, CNRS UMR 5510, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
SiC/SiC composites are studied for their potential use in the next generation of nuclear reactors. A multiscale approach is under development to construct a predictive modelling of their complex damageable mechanical behaviour due to their heterogeneous microstructure. This paper focuses on the damage characterisation of the composite at the scale of the tow at room temperature, both in terms of its spatial distribution and its chronology. Such observations are necessary to validate a multiscale damage modelling at the microscopic scale. The nonlinear behaviour is related to the accumulation of damages such as matrix cracking, ﬁbre/matrix debonding and ﬁnally ﬁbre breaking. Therefore, in-situ tensile tests were carried out on SiC/SiC minicomposites using scanning electron microscopy. Speciﬁc procedures could be used to get statistical data on the crack evolution. The ﬁrst results especially show that the growth of the crack openings over the global strain is related to inter-crack distance. This test was complemented by a microtomographic investigation, conducted at the ESRF, performed on a minicomposite submitted to a tensile load. An analysis conducted on the 3D image of a crack shows a slow propagation of the matrix cracking through the minicomposite section.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010
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