EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 213, 2019EFM18 – Experimental Fluid Mechanics 2018
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||28 June 2019|
Dielectrophoretic classification of fibres: principles and application to glass fibres suspended in air
Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Energy Institute, Technicka 2896/2, Brno 616 69, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 28 June 2019
Particles exposed to an electric field experience forces that influence their movement. This effect can be used for filtration of air, or for size classification of aerosols. The motion of charged particles in a non-uniform electric field is called electrophoresis. Two processes are involved in this phenomenon: 1) charging of particles and 2) electrical mobility separation. If fibres are exposed to electrophoresis, they are separated on the basis of two parameters: diameter and length. Regrettably, as naturally occurring fibres are polydisperse both in diameter and length, the electrophoresis is not very efficient in length classification. In contrast, dielectrophoresis is the motion of electrically neutral particles in a non-uniform electric field due to the induced charge separation within the particles. As deposition velocity of fibres induced by dielectrophoretic force strongly depends on length and only weakly on diameter, it can be used for efficient length classification.
Principles of length classification of conducting and non-conducting fibres are presented together with design of a fibre classifier. Lastly, images of motion of fibres recorded by high-speed camera are depicted.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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