EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 213, 2019EFM18 – Experimental Fluid Mechanics 2018
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||28 June 2019|
Registration of high-frequency waves on the surface by the interference methods
Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics UB RAS, Perm, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 28 June 2019
Capillary waves are frequently used to measure the surface tension of liquids. However, this approach has not found wide application in the manufacture of modern commercial tensiometers because of the limitations imposed by capillary wave excitation techniques and the labor input associated with its practical implementation. In this paper we introduce a modified version of the capillary wave method which allows one to avoid the existing limitations and disadvantages. The distinguishing features of the proposed technique are as follows: acoustic wave generation and application of an interferometry technique for 3D surface profile reconstruction. A dynamic speaker with controlled vibration frequency and amplitude is used to produce acoustic vibrations. Application of a conventional Fizeau interferometer and the spatial phase shifting method makes it possible to perform surface form measurements with a high accuracy. For calculating wavelengths and the damping co-efficient, the surface profile is fitted with a decaying cylindrical wave equation. The accuracy of surface tension measurement by the modified capillary wave technique is 0.3 %. Owing to the non-contact way of wave generation and the small amounts of the examined fluid, the proposed method can be used in different studies.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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